The Bitra Island is the smallest inhabited island in the territory having a land area of 0.105 sq km. It has a length of 0.57 km and a width of 0.28 km at the broadest point. This is is at a distance of 483 km (261 nautical miles) from Kochi. The island is located at 11° 36′ N I and 72° 11′ E longitude. Though the land area is Small, its lagoon area is 45.61 sq km.
BITRA is the smallest inhabited island in the territory.Till 1835 BITRA was the breading ground for a number of sea birds,a favourite hunt of KILTAN and CHETLAT people.There is a small shrine of Malik Mulla,an old Arab Saint who is said to be have been burried here.The shrine is a place of pilgrimage for the people of other islands.Surprisingly the first permanent settler at BITRA was a women from CHETLAT who with her son set up a permanent settler at house around 1945.
The climate of Bitra is similar to the climatic conditions of Kerala. March to May is the hottest period of the year. The temperature ranges from 25oC to 35oC and humidity ranging from 70 -76 per cent for most of the year. The average rainfall received is 1600 mm a year. Monsoon prevails here from 15th May to 15th September. The monsoon period raises temperature to the mercury level between 27- 30 degrees. During the monsoon time, boats are not allowed outside the lagoon because of the violent sea. The presence of the reef maintains calm at the lagoon.
|Island at a glance|
|Access by||Air and Sea from India,South-west coast.|
|Location||11°- 36* North Latitude 72°- 10* East longitude|
|Distance to Malabar coast||483 km from Kochi|
|Total geographical Area||0.10 sq.Kms|
|Maximum Length||0.57 km|
|Temperature||32oC (Max.) to 28oC (Min.)|
|Highest Rainfall||241.8 mm.recorded in 24 hours|